Eye trauma may occur as a result of an accident, scratch, puncture or contamination, often causing swelling, redness, bleeding, pain and other troubling symptoms for patients of all ages.
Types of Complications Depending on the type and severity of the injury, patients may experience certain retinal complications as a result of trauma to the eye. Retinal tears and detachment may result from blunt injury, which involves the vitreous pulling away from the retina either partially or completely, and allowing fluid to travel between the retina and the vitreous wall. This condition often causes flashes and floaters to develop in the vision, and can cause peripheral vision loss over time.
Retinal hemorrhaging may also occur from trauma, causing bleeding within the retina that occurs within the blood vessels of the retina and can lead to temporary or permanent loss of visual acuity.
It is important for patients with retinal tears and other types of ocular injuries to seek immediate treatment for their condition in order to reduce the risk of complications. Treatment for a retinal tear or detachment usually involves laser or cryoprobe treatment to repair the damage and preserve vision.
The best treatment for trauma complications is to prevent the trauma from occurring in the first place. It is important to take the necessary precautions to protect the eyes during sports and other potentially dangerous activities.